What this means is that the ‘andare al popolo’ (going to the people) is viewed by Gramsci as a pedogogic [sic] and educational relation between the philosophy of praxis and the cultura popolare of the peasants and workers. Such a relationship, however, should not be conceived in terms of what Gramsci calls an abstract and ‘strictly scholastic’ posture. The relationship ‘between teacher and student is an active relation, reciprocal, and thus every teacher is always a student and every student is always a teacher’ (emphasis added [by Fontana to Gramsci’s words]). This formulation is a commentary on the Marxian thesis in ‘Feuerbach,’ where Marx says that the educator himself must be educated. Such an orientation suggests that the relation between the popular masses and the philosophy of praxis – between the intellectual who arises and is individuated from within the social and cultural matrix that locates the masses in time and in space, and the masses whose thought and culture the intellectual expresses and reflects – is inherently a hegemonic, and consequently, political relationship. ‘Every relationship of ‘hegemony’ is necessarily an educational relationship,’ and ‘every educational relationship is a political relationship.’ The relationship is political and hegemonic not simply because the teacher-student relationship is reciprocal and mutually interacting, but also because each emerges from, and gives rise to, the other, and because each is informed by the interests and culture of the other.

Benedetto Fontana, Hegemony & Power: On the Relation between Gramsci and Machiavelli p26

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