In my opinion, the most reasonable and concrete thing that can be said about the ethical State, the cultural State, is this: every State is ethical in as much as one of its most important functions is to raise the great mass of the population to a particular cultural and moral level, a level (or type) which corresponds to the needs of the productive forces for development, and hence to the interests of the ruling classes. The school as a positive educative function, and the courts as a repressive and negative educative function, are the most important State activities in this sense: but, in reality a multitude of other so-called private initiatives and activities tend to the same end- initiatives and activities which form the apparatus of the political and cultural hegemony of the ruling classes.

Antonio Gramsci, Prison Notebooks pg 258 (via defiantlyours)

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